TRANSFORMATION OF THE NORDIC COUNTRIES’ FOREIGN POLICY STRATEGIES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE MODERN EUROPEAN SECURITY SYSTEM CRISIS (2014-2018)

Keywords: European Security System, Nordic countries, international relations, foreign policy

Abstract

The article is dedicated to the analysis of the Transformation of the Nordic Countries’ Foreign Policy Strategies in the Context of the Modern European Security System Crisis (2014-2018). Considering the Nordic cooperation as the basis of a common policy, it is noted that cooperation of these countries should meet the NATO and EU political and institutional requirements, however, alongside with considering and promoting the common interests of the Nordic countries. The purpose of formation and activities of the Nordic Defence Cooperation is to strengthen the national defence of the participating countries, study common synergies of this cooperation and promote efficient common solutions. Cooperation activities complement cooperation in the European Union, NATO and the UN. It is stated, that there are three main opinions among experts regarding the potential and prospects for the development of the Nordic regional security cooperation. The first one is the following: further development of regional cooperation between the Nordic countries will develop and expand. It is emphasized that the leadership structures of the Nordic countries have a great potential and desire to move along this path, but they should cooperate with NATO on security and defence issues. In their research papers, experts mainly provide recommendations on the ways of cooperation quality improvement. The second opinion is that the cooperation is not aimed at further coordination of the common policy, and the cooperation itself is rather binding. In the experts’ opinion, this cooperation should remain within the framework of the NATO supplementary structure. They also consider the issue of overall strategic leadership in cooperation between the Nordic countries, which has identified the key common priorities and interests for cooperation between these countries. The third opinion is diametrically opposite. The experts question the existence of the Nordic DefenceCooperation as a whole. They state that in complex security issues, geopolitics historically divides the Nordic region more often than unites it.

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Published
2020-12-27
How to Cite
Cherkasov, S., & Matrevych, K. M. (2020). TRANSFORMATION OF THE NORDIC COUNTRIES’ FOREIGN POLICY STRATEGIES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE MODERN EUROPEAN SECURITY SYSTEM CRISIS (2014-2018). Zaporizhzhia Historical Review, 2(54). Retrieved from https://istznu.org/index.php/journal/article/view/940