THE INFLUENCE OF IDEOLOGY ON THE SOVIET INFORMATION SPACE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE AFGHAN WAR (1979-1989)

Keywords: television, information sphere, Afghan war, Soviet information space, ideology

Abstract

The article characterizes the influence of ideology on the Soviet information space in the context of the Afghan war (1979–1989). It is determined that during the period of the existence of the Soviet Union, almost all of its mass media were under the strict ideological control of the government and the Communist party leadership. At the same time, it is noted that it is propaganda in the form of informational influence that has a significant ideological load on the consciousness of people. Hundreds of thousands of people became victims of such ideological propaganda, who to one degree or another suffered from the Afghan adventure of the Kremlin leaders. The traditional principles of conventional warfare and the unconventional warfare that took place in the Afghan War waged by the Soviet Union for nearly a decade. It was emphasized that elements of hybrid and information-sabotage confrontation were also used in it. It is noted that the leaders of the Soviet Union at any cost sought to provide precisely the ideological and informational and propagandistic basis of their "Afghan policy". At the same time, quite often large losses of material and even human resources did not have such a significance for the Soviet leadership in this military adventure as the military-political component. It was concluded that for the Soviet participants in the Afghan war, according to the information coverage of the latter, perhaps the most outrageous was the fact that the mass media of the Soviet Union covered almost all the events of the latter as actions of the government troops of Afghanistan. But the participation of a limited contingent of Soviet troops in this war was subject to an informational taboo. Also, the soldiers could not remember a single new kindergarten or school, which was often written about in Soviet newspapers.

References

Ribalka V. G. Istoriko-filosofskij diskurs obrazu voyina-internacionalista v radyanskij ideologiyi pislyavoyennogo periodu (1945–1991 rr). «Holodna vijna»: istoriya ta uroki. 1946–1991»: naukovij zbirnik. Ma-teriali Vseukrayinskoyi naukovoyi vijskovo-istorichnoyi konferenciyi (m. Sevastopol, 4-5 zhovtnya 2012 roku). K. : Nacionalnij vijskovo-istorichnij muzej Ukrayini, 2012. S. 82–86.
Kaganov Yu. O. Konstruyuvannya «radyanskoyi lyudini» (1953–1991): ukrayinska versiya / Nauk. red. Turchenko F. G. Zaporizhzhya : Inter-M, 2019. 432 s.
Kaganov Yu. O. Ukrayinske telebachennya dobi «perebudovi» v umovah kulturnoyi travmi radyanskogo suspilstva. Naukovi praci istorichnogo fakultetu Zaporizkogo nacionalnogo universitetu. Zaporizhzhya: ZNU, 2018. Vip. 51. S. 109–119.
Kulik V. Diskurs ukrayinskih medij: identichnosti, ideologiyi, vladni stosunki. K. : Kritika, 2010. 656 s.
Bliznyuk A. Gibridna vijna HHI stolittya. Propaganda yak osnovna skladova u politichnih, socialnih ta etnichnih protistoyannyah. INTERMARUM: istoriya, politika, kultura. 2015. Vip. 2. S. 390-399.
Sytnyk O. M. Evolution of a hybrid-information war in the context of aggressive policy of the Russian Federation in respect to Ukraine. Challenges of study, conservation and interpretation of historical and cultural heritage: collective monograph. Lviv-Torun : Liha-Pres, 2019. R. 70–92.
Libig M. Strategichnij kontekst suchasnogo irregulyarnogo vedennya voyen. URL: http://www.ji.lviv.ua /n25texts/libig.htm
Klimenko V. S. Organizaciya i vedennya psihologichnih operacij SShA ta specpropagandi kolishnogo SRSR v period «Holodnoyi vijni» (1946–1991 rr). «Holodna vijna»: istoriya ta uroki. 1946–1991»: naukovij zbirnik. Ma-teriali Vseukrayinskoyi naukovoyi vijskovo-istorichnoyi konferenciyi (m. Sevastopol, 4-5 zhovtnya 2012 roku). K. : Nacionalnij vijskovo-istorichnij muzej Ukrayini, 2012. S. 75–81.
Kovalkov O. L. Afganistan i afganska vijna ochima radyanskih «afganciv». Naukovi praci istorichnogo fakul-tetu Zaporizkogo nacionalnogo universitetu. Vip. 49. 2017. S. 143–147.
Kremenovska I. Nebezpechni shou na vitchiznyanomu telebachenni, abo Yak za dopomogoyu televizora v Ukrayini obkatuyut kremlivski zombi-programi. URL: http://www.golos.com.ua/article/278190.http://gazeta.dt.ua/internal/gibridna-viyna-yak-klyuchoviy-instrument-rosiyskoyi-geostrategiyi-revanshu-_.html
Bachevskij D. Gibridna vijna: asimetrichni j simetrichni vidpovidi Ukrayini Rosiyi. 24.03.2017. URL: http://www.radiolemberg.com/ua-articles/ua-allarticles/hibrydna-viyna-asymetrychni-y-symetrychni-vidpovidi-ukrayiny-rosiyi
Libig M. Strategichnij kontekst suchasnogo irregulyarnogo vedennya voyen. URL: http://www.ji.lviv.ua /n25texts/libig.htm
Shevchenko A. Ye., Sitnik O. M. «Holodna vijna»: protistoyannya ideologij. «Holodna vijna»: istoriya ta uroki. 1946–1991»: naukovij zbirnik. Materiali Vseukrayinskoyi naukovoyi vijskovo-istorichnoyi konferenciyi (m. Seva-stopol, 4-5 zhovtnya 2012 roku). K. : Nacionalnij vijskovo-istorichnij muzej Ukrayini, 2012. S. 393–395.
Chervonopiskij S. V. Politichni ta socialni naslidki dlya Ukrayini specoperaciyi v Afganistani periodu 1979–1989 rokiv i rol USVA v yih podolanni: monografiya. K. : Mizhnarodnij vidavnij centr «Medinform», 2008. 156 s.
Kostirya A. Voyenno-politichna specoperaciya SRSR v Afganistani (1979–1989 rr.) yak kulminaciya «holodnoyi vijni». Politichnij menedzhment. 2008. № 1. S. 144–157.
70 richnicya peremogi. Rivnenska miska organizaciya Ukrayinskoyi spilki veteraniv Afganistanu (voyiniv-internacionalistiv) / B. a. URL: http://www.usva.rv.ua/?p=1659http://faqukr.ru/novini-ta-suspilstvo/145715-shho-take-gibridna-vijna-koncepcija-i-taktika.html
Afganska vijna (korotko): prichini, hid vijni, pidsumki, naslidki. Korotka istoriya afganskoyi vijni (1979–1989). URL: http://faqukrs.xyz/osvita/istorija/142633-afganska-vijna-korotko-prichini-hid-vijni-pidsumki.html
Turchenko F., Turchenko G. Proekt «Novorosiya» i novitnya rosijsko-ukrayinska vijna. K. : Institut istoriyi Ukrayini NAN Ukrayini, 2015. 166 s.
Svitova gibridna vijna: ukrayinskij front: monografiya / Za zag. red. V. P. Gorbulina. K. : NISD, 2017. 496 s.
Published
2020-12-27
How to Cite
Drogomyretskyi, B. (2020). THE INFLUENCE OF IDEOLOGY ON THE SOVIET INFORMATION SPACE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE AFGHAN WAR (1979-1989). Zaporizhzhia Historical Review, 2(54). Retrieved from https://istznu.org/index.php/journal/article/view/939