TAILORING GUILD AND FASHION IN EARLY MODERN LVIV (16th –18th CENTURIES)
The publication focuses on the production component of the tailoring guild in Lviv in the 16th – 18th centuries. Lviv tailoring corporation was a monopolist in tailoring in the local market. Royal privileges and guild charters served as a guarantee of successful production and protection of producers’ rights. Purchase and distribution of raw materials, tailors and production requests were under the control of guild managers and senior guildmasters. In the guild there was a specialization of production between tailors of different nationalities. The masters and their apprentices also had excellent professional responsibilities. The development of the tailoring industry depended on the available range of fabrics, their quality, improvement of skills and tools for cutting and sewing. Clothing served not only for every day practical purposes, but also to emphasize the property and social status of the person. Tailors in their work took into account both the wishes of customers and fashion trends in their field. Doing their work, tailors created a fashionable palette of early modern Lviv. The object of this publication is not the clothes themselves, but its creators in the person of the tailoring guild, which have remained unnoticed by researchers. The purpose of the article is to present the production activities of the tailoring corporation and the peculiarities of making clothes, its varieties, sales, prices, raw materials and fashion preferences in early modern Lviv. This will allow you to look behind the scenes of tailoring and outline the fashion palette of the city and its inhabitants.