PREREQUISITES, OBJECTIVES AND FORMS OF SOVIET EDUCATION IN TERNOPIL REGION OF WESTERN UKRAINIAN SEPTEMBER 1939 – JUNE 1941

  • L. V. Kravchuk
Keywords: Soviet education, educational reform, school teacher, socialist worldview, communist party

Abstract

The way sand methods of establishment and implementation of new Soviet educational system at the seized territories of Ternopil region are presented in this article. We studied documents of the state and party archives of Ternopil region as a fundamental material for the research. The new system of education, which was supposed to follow the objectives and principles of the new soviet occupation regime, had to be effective in ideological and staff assistance for its social, economic and political institutions. We also analyzed various aspects of the Sovietization process of the region, where humanitarian aspect was of great importance that was mostly defined by the principles of official policy in cultural and educational life of the society. This expansion was comprehended as a means of communist ideology for imposing and development of a „new personality‟ that would meet requirements of the regime. After taking the control over almost all educational, scientific and cultural institutions, the state began to develop personal worldview in the necessary direction in Western Ukraine.

References

1. Kovaliuk, VR. 1993. ―Cultural and Spiritual Aspects of ‗Sovietization‘ of Western Ukraine (September 1939 - June 1941).‖ Ukrainian Historical Journal 2,3(2,3): 3–5.
2. Nechai, SP. 1973. History of the Cities and Villages of the USSR Ternopil Region. Kyiv: Main Publishing House of Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia.
3. Pavliuk, IS. 1957. Fightf or Public Education in Western Ukrainein 1919-1939. Kyiv: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
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5. Yarosh, BO. 1995. The Totalitarian Regimein Western Ukraine. 1930-50s of the Twentieth Century. Lutsk: Nadstyria.
Published
2017-12-19
How to Cite
Kravchuk, L. V. (2017). PREREQUISITES, OBJECTIVES AND FORMS OF SOVIET EDUCATION IN TERNOPIL REGION OF WESTERN UKRAINIAN SEPTEMBER 1939 – JUNE 1941. Zaporizhzhia Historical Review, 1(49), 63-65. Retrieved from https://istznu.org/index.php/journal/article/view/265