COLONEL HNAT POROKHIVSKYI: THE EXPERIENCE OF DENYING «THE CONCEPT OF QUICK RETURN»

Keywords: emigration, internment, steps, Porokhivskyi, «the concept of rapid return»

Abstract

An occurrence and subsequent transformation of « the concept of rapid return» among Ukrainian military and civilian emigrants, concentrated mainly in Poland, Romania and Slovakia, has become a causal phenomenon. At the same time, it was perceived by a special political approach or communicative mode, that was designed to answer a socially generalized question from the environment of emigrants - according to further prospects of being in a mentally foreign country for several years - but what to do next, where, in what direction to move? The present array of available archival materials, published personalized memoirs, further publications of domestic researchers of the period of Ukrainian independence do not give monosemantic evaluative judgments about the «concept of rapid return. That is why, based on available materials, it seemed that «the concept of rapid return» did not pass the test due to the failure of the Second Winter Campaign (1921). Thus, in the circles of military emigration, some heads of interned military units showed their own initiative on the issue of further soldiers being on foreign territory. The activity of colonel Hnat Porokhivskyi (1888-1952) is perceived as a vivid and convincing example of resolving the question of the fate of Ukrainian soldiers in Romania. During the being of Ukrainian soldiers in Romania, he did a number of steps to create conditions for their livelihood. Therefore, colonel Hnat Porokhivskyi took the practical steps of the period of internment and emigration of Ukrainian soldiers to Romanian territory, which we perceived as a denial of «the concept of rapid return.»

References

Haluzevyi derzhavnyi arkhiv (HDA SBU). F. 5. Spr. 26 440.T.1. 396 ark. Ark 83. [Sectoral state archive (GSA SBU). F. 5. Spr. 26 440.Т.1. 396., 83]. [in Ukrainian]
Porohivskyi, H. (1929). Ukrainska viiskova emihratsiia v Rumunii. [Ukrainian military emigration to Romania]. Varshava: Tabor, Ch. 11, 76-86; Ch. 12, 75-82. Ch.13. 57-68.; Zhyttia internovanykh v Rumunii. [Life of internees in Romania].Volia.Viden. T. IV. Ch. 9-10. 391-392.[in Ukrainian]
Renduik T. (2011). Ukrainska viiskova ta politychna emihratsiia v Rumunii u mizhvoiennyi period: nevidomi storinky istorii diaspory. [Ukrainian military and political emigration to Romania in the interwar period: unknown pages in the history of the diaspora]. Ukraina dyplomatychna. Vyp.12, 936-954.[in Ukrainian]
Rohozha, M.M. (2019). Polkovnyk Armii UNR Hnat Porokhivskyi: portret v konteksti prosopohrafii. [Colonel of the Army of the Ukrainian People’s Republic Hnat Porokhivsky: a portrait in the context of prosopography]. Visnyk Cherkaskoho universytetu. №1. 66-72., 71. [in Ukrainian]
Sribniak, I.V. (2017). Ukraintsi v Bessarabii ta Rumunii, 1921-1923 rr. (taborove ta pozataborove povsiakdennia internovanykh voiakiv Armii UNR). [Ukrainians in Bessarabia and Romania, 1921-1923 (camp and non-camp everyday life of interned soldiers of the UPR Army)]. Rusyn. № 3(49). 122-136. 124. [in Ukrainian]
Sribniak, I.V. (2017). Ukraintsi v Bessarabii ta Rumunii, 1921-1923 rr. (taborove ta pozataborove povsiakdennia internovanykh voiakiv Armii UNR). [Ukrainians in Bessarabia and Romania, 1921-1923 (camp and non-camp everyday life of interned soldiers of the UPR Army)]. Rusyn. № 3(49). 124. [in Ukrainian]
Tsentralnyi derzhavnyi arkhiv zarubizhnoi ukrainiky (TsDAZU). F. 1. Op. 5. Spr. 12. .17 ark. Porokhivska-Andrych Olha.
Polkovnyk. Hnat Porokhivskyi – borets za nezalezhnist Ukrainy. [Central State Archive of Foreign Ukrainians (CSAFU). F. 1. Op. 5. Ref. 12. 17 arc. Porokhivska-Andrych Olga. Colonel. Hnat Porokhivskyi is a fighter for Ukraine’s independence.
Spohady. Rukopys. Bukharest, 2007]. [in Ukrainian]
Tsentralnyi derzhavnyi arkhiv vyshchykh orhaniv vlady i Upravlinnia (TsDAVO). F. 1075. Op. 2. Spr. 474. 86 ark. Ark.
49. [Central State Archive of Higher Authorities and Management (TSDAVO). F. 1075. Op. 2. Ref. 474. 86 arc. Arc. 49]. [in Ukrainian]
Tsentralnyi derzhavnyi arkhiv zarubizhnoi ukrainiky (TsDAZU). F.1. Op. 5. Spr. 12. 17 arkushiv. Porokhivska-Andrych Olha. Polkovnyk Hnat Porokhivskyi – borets za nezalezhnist Ukrainy. Spohady. Rukopys. Bukharest, 2007. S. 7. [Central State Archive of Foreign Ukrainians (CDASU). F.1. Op. 5. D. 12. 17 sheets. Porokhivska-Andrych Olga. Colonel Hnat Porokhivsky is a fighter for Ukraine’s independence. Memoirs. Manuscript. Bucharest, 2007., 7]. [in Ukrainian]
TsDAZU. F.1. Op.5. Spr.12. 17 arkushiv...4. [Central State Archive of Foreign Ukrainians (CDASU). F. 5. D.12. 17...4]. [in Ukrainian]
TsDAZU. F.1. Op.5. Spr.12. 17 arkushiv...4. [Central State Archive of Foreign Ukrainians (CDASU). F. 5. D.12. 17...4-5]. [in Ukrainian]
TsDAZU. F.1. Op.5. Spr.12. 17 arkushiv...4. [Central State Archive of Foreign Ukrainians (CDASU). F. 5. D.12. 17...13]. [in Ukrainian]
TsDAZU. F.1. Op.5. Spr.12. 17 arkushiv...4. [Central State Archive of Foreign Ukrainians (CDASU). F. 5. D.12. 17...13-14]. [in Ukrainian]
Tynchenko, Ya. Yu. (2007). Ofitserskyi korpus Armii Ukrainskoi Narodnoi Respubliky (1917-1921): biohrafichnyi dovidnyk. [Officer Corps of the Army of the Ukrainian People’s Republic (1917-1921): biographical guide]. Kyiv: Tempora. Kn.I., 535.; il. 348-349. [in Ukrainian]
Vlasenko, V., Sapsai O. (2014). Do istorii ukrainskoi viiskovoi emihratsii v Rumunii. Mova, istoriia, kultura u linhvokomunikatyvnomu prostori. [To the history of Ukrainian military emigration to Romania. Language, history, culture in the
linguistic-communicative space. Coll. Science. works]. Sumy: SumDU., Vyp.1., 22-25. [in Ukrainian]
Vlasenko, V.M. (2015). Sotsialna struktura mizhvoiennoi ukrainskoi politychnoi emihratsii v Rumunii. [Social structure of interwar Ukrainian political emigration in Romania]. Sumy: Sumska starovynaю № XLVI., 43-53. [in Ukrainian]
Tsentralnyi derzhanyi arkhiv vyshchykh orhaniv vlady (TsDAVO). F. 1075. Op. 2. Spr. 474. 86 ark. Ark. 49. [Central State Archive of Higher Authorities (TSDAVO). F. 1075. Op. 2. Ref. 474. 86 arc. Arc. 49]. [in Ukrainian]
Vlasenko, V., Sapsai O. (May 18-19, 2017). Do biohrafii predstavnyka Uriadu UNR v Rumunii Hnata Porokhivskoho. Reformuvannia pravovoi systemy v konteksti yevrointehratsiinykh protsesiv: materialy Mizhnar. nauk.-prakt. konf.. m. Sumy,
18-19 travnia 2017 r. [To the biography of the representative of the Government of the Ukrainian People’s Republic in Romania Gnat Porokhivsky. Reforming the legal system in the context of European integration processes: materials International. scientific-practical Conf. Sumy]. Redkol.: A.M. Kulish, M.M. Burbyka, O.M. Rieznik ta in. Sumy: SumDU, 2017. Ch. 1., 10-13. [in Ukrainian]
Published
2022-01-20
How to Cite
Рогожа, М. М., & Рогожа, М. М. (2022). COLONEL HNAT POROKHIVSKYI: THE EXPERIENCE OF DENYING «THE CONCEPT OF QUICK RETURN». Zaporizhzhia Historical Review, 5(57), 86-92. Retrieved from https://istznu.org/index.php/journal/article/view/2351