«COSSACK LEGION»: HISTORY OF THE TRAINING AND MOBILIZATION CENTER AT THE VOLUNTARY BATTALION «AZOV» ON THE MATERIALS OF THE BATTALION ARCHIVE OF UNREGULATED DOCUMENTATION
The articles examine the activities of the training and mobilization center at the Azov Volunteer Battalion in the spring and summer of 2014. The research was conducted on the basis of materials that carry collections of unregulated battalion documentation, recently recorded in the Central state archive of public associations of Ukraine. The aim of the publication is to determine the algorithms of the processes of selection and initial motivation of volunteers of the Azov Battalion, sending them from the training and mobilization center to the location of the unit in the combat zone. The research methodology involves the application of the principles of historicism, the usage of studying whole historical sources and being objective. Descriptive method, methods of classification and systematization as well as methods of analysis and synthesis have been used. The scientific novelty is conditioned by the complete undeveloped subject matter within the framework of academic science and the high source value of the materials of the Azov Battalion Archive, which are currently completely unexplored; these materials are introduced into scientific circulation for the first time. The prospect of further research is that due to the study of the activities of the training and mobilization center of the Azov Battalion, it is possible to determine the reasons for the high motivation of the battalion volunteers and the coordination of the unit’s actions during military and political events in eastern Ukraine in 2014. In the conclusions of the study it was established that the recruitment, initial training and delivery of recruits to the place of permanent deployment of the battalion at the front was carried out by a separate structure - “Cossack Legion”, which was counted as “School Company” after structuring of the battalion. In addition, it was established that before the battalion left for the combat zone, the Cossack Legion actually played the role of the unit’s headquarters.
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