FEATURES OF THE MANAGEMENT AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL COMPOSITION OF SUGAR ENTERPRISES OF THE NADDNIPRYANS’KA UKRAINE IN THE LATE 19th - EARLY 20th CENTURY

Keywords: salary, educational and professional level, craftsmen, laborers, sugar industry, modernization processes

Abstract

Introduction. The crisis of recent decades in Ukraine’s agriculture has led to the decay of the traditional sugar industry. The process of its destruction continues today. It is clear that colossal investments are needed to resuscitate the Ukrainian sugar industry, but no less important condition for its promotion is a critical understanding of the domestic historical experience of the development of the industry and the application of the scientific heritage of Ukrainian agrarian science. This is due to the relevance of the topic we have chosen to study.

Purpose. Investigate the social consequences of modernization of sugar production in Naddnipryanshchyna in the late 19th - early 20th century, in particular its impact on the increase of the educational and professional level of managerial and technical personnel and improving the management structure at industry enterprises. Analyze the salaries of managerial personnel, technical workers and laborers in sugar production and find out the reasons for the differentiation in wages.

Results. As a result of the study, it is justified that the modernization transformations of the middle of the second half of the 19th century in the sugar industry of Naddnipryanshchyna had tangible social consequences, in particular, influenced the improvement of the educational and professional level of managers, employees and workers of sugar mills. However, this process was uneven in Ukraine and directly depended on the vision and generosity of the owners. There was also an optimization of the management structure of sugar enterprises. The management apparatus was numerical and required significant funds for its maintenance. In the late 19th - early the 20th century in the sugar industry of Naddnipryanshchyna there was an extremely high differentiation in wages.

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Published
2022-01-20
How to Cite
Mazur, O. (2022). FEATURES OF THE MANAGEMENT AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL COMPOSITION OF SUGAR ENTERPRISES OF THE NADDNIPRYANS’KA UKRAINE IN THE LATE 19th - EARLY 20th CENTURY. Zaporizhzhia Historical Review, 4(56), 55-64. Retrieved from https://istznu.org/index.php/journal/article/view/2325