THE POLICY OF THE CRIMEAN KHANATE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE OTTOMAN-MOSCOW CONFRONTATION IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XVІІTH CENTURY – EARLY XVIII CENTURIES
The article attempts to illuminate the policy of the Crimean Khanate in the context of the confrontation between the Ottoman Empire and the Moscow state during the second half of the XVІІth century – early XVIII centuries. It is noted that the authorities of the Crimean Khanate were not only dependent on the Ottoman state, but also used in every possible way certain advantages of this protectorate. It is indicated that during the reign of Sophia Alekseevna, relations between the Moscow state and the Ottoman Empire acquire a new character, in particular, the Moscow army launched offensive operations against Turkish possessions in the Crimea, whereas previously its actions were of a defensive nature. It is emphasized that the reason for this was the joining of the Moscow state to the sacred alliance against the Turks, which was concluded in 1683 between the Polish king Jan Sobieski and the Austrian emperor Leopold. It is noted that the allies sought to expel the Turks from Europe and decided to attract other states to the union, in particular the Muscovy. The article analyzes the Moscow-Turkish war of 1672–1681, in particular – the Chigirin campaigns of the Ottoman army in 1677 and 1678, and the Moscow-Turkish war of 1686–1700, including the Crimean campaigns of Moscow in 1687 and 1689. It is noticed that the Wild Field of the Crimean Khanate served as an interstate buffer zone. It was a significant obstacle to the military invasion of Crimea from land through Perekop. It was concluded that the Moscow-Turkish war of 1686–1700, as a component of the Great Turkish War of 1683–1699, ended in 1700, as a result, the Treaty of Constantinople was signed. It is noted that this treaty ensured the neutrality of the Ottoman state and allowed Peter I to start the Northern War, accordingly – it meant the defeat of the Ottoman Empire.
: [V 15-ti t.] (dalí – AYUZR). SPb., 1861–1892. T. 13: 1677-1678. SPb. : Tip. A. M. Kotomina i K. 1884. 766 c.
Bahaliy D. I. Istoriya Slobidskoyi Ukrayiny. Kharkiv : Osnova, 1991. 256 c.
Velychko S. V. Litopys / per. z knyzhnoyi ukrayins’koyi movy; za red. O. V. Myshanycha. K. : Dnipro, 1991. T. 2. 642 s.
Gordon P. Dnevnik. 1677–1678 / red. M. R. Ryzhenkov. M. : Nauka, 2005. 236 s.
Horobets’ V. Mriya, utoplena v pidozrilosti y obrazakh, abo Chomu takym korotkym bulo zhyttya ukrayins’ko-pol’s’koyi uniyi 1659 roku? Viyny i myr, abo «Ukrayintsi – polyaky: braty/vorohy, susidy» / za zah. red. L. Ivshynoyi; Uporyad.: V.
Horobets’, V. Panchenko, YU. Shapoval. K. : ATZT Ukrayins’ka pres-hrupa, 2004. S. 94–108.
Zaruba V. N. Ukrainskoye kazatskoye voysko v bor’be s turetsko-tatarskoy agressiyey (poslednyaya chetvert’ XVII v.). Xar’kov : Osnova, 1993. 168 s.
Kahanov YU. O. Istorychna komparatyvistyka kriz’ pryzmu filosofs’ko-metodolohichnoho pohlyadu. Naukovi pratsi istorychnoho fakul’tetu Zaporiz’koho natsional’noho universytetu, 2010. Vyp. XXIX. S. 250–258.
Karantsevych V. L. Bytva pid Konotopom. K. : INTER PROEKT, 2012. 120 s.
Rihel’man O. I. Litopysna opovid’ pro Malu Rosiyu ta yiyi narod i kozakiv uzahali. K.: Lybid’, 1994. 768 s.
Litopys Samovydtsya / upor.: YA. I. Dzyra. K. : Nauk. dumka, 1971. 208 s. 80–82.
Chelebi Evliya. Kniga puteshestviya. T. 1. Zemli Moldavii i Ukrainy; per. pod red. A. S. Tveritinovoy. M. : Nauka. 1961. URL: http://www.vostlit.info/Texts/rus8/Celebi3/text5.phtml?id=1731 (data zvernennya: 15.08.2020).
Chukhlib T. V. Bakhchysarays’kyy myr 1681 r. data publikatsiyi: 2003 r. (data zvernennya: 16.08.2020).
Yavornyts’kyy D. I. Istoriya zaporiz’kykh kozakiv. L’viv : «Svit», 1991. T. 2. 440 s.