Francis Bacon’s Historical and Biographical Heritage: an Attempt of Critical Analysis

  • O. M. Macluk Zaporizhzhia National University
Keywords: Francis Вacon, Henry VII, early absolutism, Parliament, Tudor’s period, Political myth

Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of Francis Bacon’s views on the historical events which took place during the early years of the Tudor period. The Francis Bacon’s work entitled «History of the Reign of King Henry VII» actually represents the Tudor era history from the perspective of the ruling dynasty and promotes the origin of the «political myth», which shaped the historiography for many years. It is noted that historical criticism analysis has revealed a significant number of purely factual errors in Bacon’s work, which in general cannot be considered to be an accurate historical record for this reason.

It is concluded that Francis Bacon’s historical and biographical works devoted to the reign of King Henry VII do not permit us to assess the genuine Bacon’s views on the historical events which took place during the early years of the Tudor period, and to reveal his own assessment of the reign of the founder of the Tudor dynasty Henry VII.

Obviously the work was of a great political value and originated primarily as a result of the forced political resignation of the royal favorite, who tried to keep in touch with the royal court and actually worked at the request of the monarch. Commonly the use of the political mythology becomes especially relevant in the era of political crises, on the threshold of such kind of a crisis was the King James I, therefore his support of the Bacon’s project seems quite natural. Francis Bacon contributed to the glorification of both Tudors and Stuarts, and the Bacon’s representation of history led to the formation of a «political myth», which approved the God-chosenness, legitimacy and wisdom of the royal rule.

In addition, the relationship between the parliament and the royal power of the Tudor period may serve as a vivid example of inclusion of the historical issues in the sphere of political practice.

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Published
2019-12-29
How to Cite
MaclukO. M. (2019). Francis Bacon’s Historical and Biographical Heritage: an Attempt of Critical Analysis. Zaporizhzhia Historical Review, 1(53), 254-261. Retrieved from https://istznu.org/index.php/journal/article/view/137