Keywords: Ukraine, the Holodomor of 1921–1923, historiography, periodization of historiography


The article presents the periodization of modern Ukrainian historiography development devoted to the Holodomor (Famine) of 1921–1923 on the territory of Ukraine. It is proved that modern historiography has a number of features that give grounds to distinguish three periods in its development. The first period is 1991 – the end of the 1990’s; the second one is from 2000 to 2019. Each period is distinguished by new scientific approaches, a deeper understanding of the history of the tragedy, the introduction of new archival documents for scientific circulation and logical that, at last, the historiography of the topic replenishes the works of strictly historiographical content, the appearance of which became possible thanks to accumulated historical facts, published collections of documents and new developments of regional content.


1. Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine ”On approval of the plan of measures for 2017-2018 in connection with the 85th anniversary of the Holodomor of 1932–1933 in Ukraine” of August 18, 2017, No. 550-p. Retrieved from
2. Famine as the biggest but solvable problem of the world. United Nations World Food Programme, WFP. Retrieved from
3. Kulchitsky S.V., Movchav O.N. (1993). Unknown pages of the 1921-1923 famine in Ukraine. Kyiv, 70 p.
4. Kulchitsky S.V., Movchav O.N. (1993). 1921-1923 famine in the south of Ukraine: according to the funds of TsGAVO of Ukraine. Archives of Ukraine. 4, 37-44.
5. Kulchitsky S.V. (1995). Ukrainian SSR during the new economic policy (1921-1928). An attempt to build the conceptual foundations of real history. Kyiv, 200 p.
6. Panchenko P.P. (1995). Pages of the history of Ukraine of the XX century (Ukrainian village: promotion, hopes, and anxieties). Kyiv, 232 p.
7. Mazur V. (1999). The Famine of 1921-1923 in Ukraine (political demographic analysis). The History of Ukraine. 37, pp. 8-10.
8. Dramaretskyi B.B. (1997). The Famine of 1921-1923 in Ukraine. Kyiv, 123 p.
9. Shytiuk N.N. (1997). The famine of the twentieth century. Kyiv, 67 p.
10. Shytiuk N.N. (1999) Repressions in the territory of Nikolayev region in 1921-1923. The History of Ukraine. Little-known names, events, facts. Issue 7. Moscow, pp. 266-270.
11. Pron T.M. (1999). On the history of migration processes in the south of Ukraine. Scientific works on history. Vol. 2. pp. 51-55.
12. Veselova O.N., Marochko V.I., Movchan O.N. (2000). The Holodomor in Ukraine of 1921-1923, 1932-1933, 1946. Crimes against the people. 265 p.
13. Khoroshun B. (1998). From Famine to Famine: Communist Soviet Food Policy in Ukraine in the 1920s-1930s. Kyiv.
14. Turchenko G.F. (2002). “War Communism”: the Bolshevik experiment or the policy of the tsarist government continuation? (On materials of the South of Ukraine). Literature and culture of Polesye. Issue 21. – Nizhyn. pp. 71-84.
15. Petrov V.A. (2000). The tax company in Nikolayev region (March 1921 – July 1923). History. Ethnography. Culture. New research. Nikolayev, pp. 120-121.
16. Bakovetskaya O.A. (2008). The Holodomor in Ukraine. On the materials of the Bashtansky district of Nikolaev region (1921-1923, 1932-1933). The All-Ukrainian scientific journal Mandrivets. Ternopil, pp. 42-47.
17. Nikolayev I.E. (2008). The activities of the party Soviet apparatus in the territory of Nikolayev region during the famine of 1921-1923. The Holodomor as the genocide of 1932-1933 on the territory of Nikolayev region. Nikolayev, pp. 65-73.
18. Rehabilitated by History. Nikolayev region. Book One. Kiev, Nikolayev. 2005. 870 p.
19. Tronko P.T., a.o. (2005). Rehabilitated by History. Kherson region. Kherson. 944 p.
20. Kovalchuk L.V., Petrovskyi E.P. (2010). Rehabilitated by History. Odessa region: Book One. Odessa. 800 p.
21. Zubanich F. (1998). Black Book of Ukraine. Collection of documents, archival materials, letters, reports, articles, research, essays. Kyiv, pp. 102-122.
22. Kotlyar Yu.V. (2003). Cannibalism during the famine of 1921-1923: historical psychological analysis. Problems of Ukrainian history: facts, judgments, searches (Institute of the History of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine). Issue 7: Special. Kyiv. pp. 120-123.
23. Sakhno V. (2003). Archival documents and local periodicals on the activities of international humanitarian organizations in southern Ukraine in the 1920s and 1930s of the XX century. Studios for archiving and document management. - Kyiv, Vol. 10. pp. 122-124.
24. Shcherbakova E.N. (2008). International assistance to the starving of the southern Ukraine during 1921-1923. Scientific Journal. Nikolayev, Issue 21: Historical Sciences, p. 69-78.
25. Shcherbakova E.N. (2008). Comparative characteristics of the famines of 1921 and 1932-1933 in Ukraine. The Holodomor as the genocide of 1932-1933 on the territory of Nikolayev region: materials of the regional scientific practical conference. Nikolayev, pp.–82-88.
26. Tsvilinyuk Ye.N. (2005). Place of sowing campaign for 1921-1922. in deepening the food crisis in the south of Ukraine. Humanitarian and Economic Studies. Volume 1. Collection of scientific papers. Nikolayev; Odessa, pp. 194- 200.
27. Shityuk N.N., K.E. Gorbunov. (2007). Nikolayev region in the starving years of 1921-1923, 1932-1933, 1946. Nikolaev, 156 p.
28. Kirilenko V.P. (2015). Modern Ukrainian historiography on the problem of studying the famine of 1921-1923 in the southern regions of Ukraine. Current Issues of Modern Science, 39, pp. 74-82.
29. Vashchenko I.V. (2001). The politics of the Ukrainization of the 1920s - early 1930s. in Ukraine: problems of historiography, Kharkiv, 203 p.
30. Shkvarets V.P., Gorburov E.G., and Gorburov K.Ye. (2008). Historiosophy and historiography of famine – famine in Nikolayev region. Nikolaev 288 p.
How to Cite
SharavaraT. (2019). MODERN HISTOROGRAPHY PERIODIZATION OF THE HOLODOMOR OF 1921–1923 IN UKRAINE. Zaporizhzhia Historical Review, 1(53), 227-230. Retrieved from
Historiography. Ethnology